Understanding What an Emissions Test Is

Image result for emission testIn some states, you have to have your car regularly inspected. Part of that inspection should include an emissions test. If your vehicle is new, you may not have to worry as much. However, older automobiles may have trouble. Catching potential problems and fixing them in advance can save you time and frustration.

What Are Emissions?

To understand how an emissions test works, you first must understand what the technicians are looking for when examining your vehicle. Simply put, as your automobile uses fuel to power the engine, combustion takes place. What is left over from this process comes out of your vehicle’s tailpipe. Because of the toxicity of the outflow, inspectors must ensure that these gases are within certain levels.

What Does an Emissions Test Look For?

To perform this examination on your vehicle, the technician places a sampler into the tailpipe. This piece of equipment samples the exhaust coming from your engine and reads what the level of gases are in parts per million.

The equipment is set to sense or “sniff” five different types of gases: NOX, O2, CO, CO2 and HC. NOX is the term for oxides of nitrogen and is produced by heating and compressing air containing nitrogen. This compound is very toxic at high levels.

Oxygen is always found in the exhaust as there is always some unburned oxygen being admitted into the air. While this is not a harmful residue, O2 tells how well the engine burns through the fuel. Excessive amounts may indicate that the engine has been tampered with in order to pass the test with faulty equipment.

In addition to O2 and NOX, CO and CO2 are also tested for. CO, or carbon monoxide, is a well-known, colorless, odorless compound that is deadly. CO2, better known as carbon dioxide, is a leading cause of global warming.

The final compound tested for is HC or hydrocarbons. Hydrocarbon is unburned fuel. As with CO and NOX, HC is not something you want to breathe. It is the leading cause of smog seen in large cities.

How Can You Pass the Emissions Test?

Your car must be in fairly decent shape to pass the test. If you have not had a tune up in a while, it is important that you do so before your next inspection. Changing spark plugs, changing the oil, and having a fresh air filter can address many of the issues that your automobile may have. You should also ensure that your gas cap is free of cracks and that it fits snugly.

In addition, if your vehicle has a check engine light on, you will not pass the inspection. Be sure to take your vehicle in for service when this light comes on. There are many different reasons the light could be on, and not all of them are expensive fixes.

The emissions test is designed to help keep our environment clean. While it might seem like a hassle, having cleaner burning vehicles is better for everyone. In addition, you can be certain that your car is in great running condition and will be less likely to break down.

Making A Blackberry Compote

Everyone knows how to eat, but not everyone knows how to cook. The tips below will teach you how to improve your culinary skills. Do not allow yourself to be intimidated by the idea of preparing a fine meal with a variety of ingredients. Preparing tasty meals is something that anyone can do, and it’s fun too! Let these tips inspire you to pursue new culinary heights.

Cooking with skewers may seem easy; however, there are some tips that will make your skewer cuisine delicious every time. Regarding metal skewers, square or twisted varieties are preferable to round ones, as the round ones do not hold food items as well as the other two types.

To add oil to food already cooking in a skillet, carefully pour it along the sides of the hot pan so that it has a chance to heat through before touching the food. This will enhance the flavors of the food.

Sharp knives are essential in any kitchen. Dull knives can be dangerous and they also make cutting things hard. When trying to forcefully use a dull knife to cut a vegetable it becomes a lot easier for you to cut yourself than when you use a sharp knife.

Are you partial to using fresh basil in your cooking? Put some fresh basil into a glass. Next, fill the glass so that the stems are fully submerged. Put it on the counter of your kitchen in order to maintain its freshness for many weeks. Change the water from time to time so that the basil grows roots. Trim the basil once in a while so it grows even more and stays fresh.

Do not assume this ingredient is for meat only. Use it with roasted pumpkin seeds for a wonderful snack, or go ahead and add some to scrambled eggs. People will be asking you for your secret ingredient!

Do you want to take the guesswork out of deciding how long to leave your meat on the grill? Having a high-quality meat thermometer handy, especially a digital one, is a great way to ensure the meat you serve is fully cooked. Try using a grilling lid to reduce the cooking time on thicker cuts of meat.

Think big if you plan to make chicken stock. Make enough so that you can freeze it and use it in your recipes. Many great recipes including soups, casseroles and stews call for a base of chicken stock. To store your homemade stock, let it cool, pour it into a freezer bag, and stick it in the freezer.

To greatly enhance your chances of weight loss and a better diet, reduce the amount of oil you use in meal preparation. When you add butter and oil to food, you are adding unnecessary fat. A smart alternative is to switch to a nonstick cooking spray, it gives similar results with less of the unhealthy ingredients.

You need to soak wooden skewers in water for approximately thirty minutes prior to using them. Using this method, you will not burn them when you’re cooking. You can keep your food on the skewers if you use two sticks parallel instead of just one.

Soy products and beans are a wonderful place to get protein if you need to add some to your diet. Most grocery stores sell both items. For a meat alternative, try pan frying seasoned tofu. Beans can be used in vegetarian chili, added to baked goods, or just boiled with herbs and vegetables.

Make your own dried tomatoes. Dry your own by slicing ripe tomatoes 1/2″ thick, or cut Romas in half, lengthwise. Put them facing upwards onto a cooling rack and add a little salt. Then place that on a baking sheet and dry them in an oven that is 190 degrees for 10 hours. After the tomatoes have cooled, place them in plastic bags, and store them in the freezer. You can also pack dried tomatoes in a jar with fresh herbs and olive oil. When refrigerated, they will last a minimum of two weeks.

If you enjoy flavoring your food with spices and herbs, be sure to place them in a location that is void of light and remains cool; this will help them stay fresh. Keeping your spices and herbs stored above your stove or in high cabinets where warm air collects will dry them out and destroy their flavor.

Many veggies and herbs have a scent that remains on cutting boards even after they are washed. Label the ending of your chopping board by marking it with ink. This will help you to identify the different sides of the board.

Learning to cook is not a scary endeavor. You can save some money by making your food, and improve your nutrition and health all while having fun. Use the tips we have given you and let them lead you to the grocer’s, back to your kitchen and then to your happy family! Enjoy your cooking adventure!

Self Catering Holidays in South Devon

Let’s face it; self-catering holidays do give you more freedom, and that’s a fact! This is particularly helpful when traveling with a family, when rigid timetables and itineraries can turn an enjoyable fun packed holiday into a panic stricken rush around. By the time everyone is up and ready to go, you dare not venture too far for fear of missing the supper slot! On a self-catering holiday you choose what and when you want to eat; your holiday activities are not continually interrupted with a ‘call to lunch or dinner. You can choose where to eat too, visit the many restaurants in Torquay and sample locally sourced and produced foods abundant in south Devon. As picnic season approaches, contact Popuppicnic.com.au picnic catering company for fun, fresh, stress-free, enchanting catered picnics of any size.

If you enjoy cooking, you may prefer to be creative and pull together a feast in the kitchen of your self catering holiday accommodation. It doesn’t somehow feel like a ‘busman’s holiday’ because you have not just returned home from the daily grind – you’ve been out enjoying the sights of Torquay and south Devon. With self catering holidays, you simply have greater flexibility; there will be days that are just not long enough to take everything in. If you are planning a day out, you can pack up a picnic lunch for everyone. Often more enjoyable; it can cater for everyone’s preferences, as well as being a less costly option for those who are keen to holiday on a budget.

Walks and Places to Visit in Torquay and South Devon

Torquay and south Devon has much to offer. The South West Coast Path stretches along the entire length of the English Riviera, south Devon’s beautiful bay, where you’ll find 22 miles of coastal path passing through some stunning Geopark scenery.

A popular route is the 2.5 miles from Torquay Harbour to Daddyhole Plain. The walk passes a number of landmarks including Beacon Cove where Agatha Christie used to swim as a girl, and the naturally-sculpted cliff arch known as ‘London Bridge’. Finally, after a climb to 200ft above sea level you’ll reach Daddyhole Plain (so named because locals used to believe that ‘Daddy’ – the devil – lived in a cave underneath the plain), a wonderful vantage point allowing you to gaze across Torquay and out to sea.

Cockington Country Estate Walk – This is a circular, 2-mile walk from Torquay and popular with local people and visitors alike. The village itself is steeped in history and still retains its sense of isolation and rural tranquillity owing to its confined situation in a narrow valley. It has its own stream which reaches the sea at Livermead. The village also adjoins the extensive parkland (290 acres) which surround Cockington Court and the Parish Church, both of which lie some 350 metres to the west of the present village centre.

If you’re looking for a more strenuous hike, why not try the more challenging route from Churston and Broadsands? A peaceful path passing through country lanes, patches of woodland and secluded coves, this is a rewarding walk that showcases the South Devon countryside at its very best!

For another alternative, you could also try exploring the moderately difficult walk around Watcombe and Maidencombe in Torquay, which provides fabulous panoramic views over both Babbacombe and Lyme Bays. On this walk you can also enjoy beautiful, unspoiled countryside and the picturesque village of Maidencombe; perhaps taking a well-earned break at the Thatched Tavern Pub nestling within earshot of the sea.

South Devon Attractions

Kents Cavern is prehistoric Stone Age cave, with an extensive labyrinth of spectacular and easily accessible caverns. This iconic heritage comes highly recommended by visitors on TripAdvisor. It is the official underground visitor centre for UNESCO’s English Riviera Global Geopark and features on the Agatha Christie Literary Trail. In fact, Agatha Christie’s father Frederick Miller was a member of the Torquay Natural History Society and supported Pengelly’s excavations of the caves.

Take the tour, lasting around 2 hours, which are led by entertaining guides concluding in an underground exhibition chamber. There are loads of activities for all the family, including a childrens’ archaeological dig area, hands-on cave art walls and regular appearances by the attraction’s mascot Cavog the Caveman. Underground theatre and evening entertainment are specialities here. The ghost tour and the interactive Shakespeare plays are particularly popular. This truly is one attraction not to be missed!

Living Coasts is a top class attraction, especially if you love wildlife and the sea. Based in Torquay, it is Britain’s only coastal zoo and a nationally-important discovery centre, as well as being part of the Whitley Wildlife Conservation Trust. Focusing on birds and other coastal wildlife; the site is covered by a giant aviary, standing some 19 metres (62 ft.) at its highest point. Living Coasts includes several animal enclosures and habitats; it features an impressive artificial tidal estuary, a penguin beach, a tropical mangrove swamp, and a collection of underwater viewing areas.

Babbacombe Model Village portrays English life and culture over the last fifty years and since opening in 1963, it has continued to expand including up to the minute features such as a wind farm and hydroelectric dam. There are also over 400 models of houses, stately homes, factories, shops, entertainment venues, and environmental features.

A variety of architectural styles are on display, from medieval to Tudor and onto Victorian times; along with railways, vehicles and some well-known monuments and landmarks. Not forgetting, of course, 13,000 miniature people who live in the village! The whole experience is brought to life with the inclusion of sound and animation.

South Devon Villages and Attractions

Brixham

This town has been the centre of the area’s fishing industry for centuries. Brixham Heritage Museum has a host of historical information on this. You might also like to sample the delights of the freshest local catch in one of the town’s cafés or restaurants. Sir Francis Drake’s Golden Hind sits triumphantly in Brixham’s inner harbour. Take a look on board and experience what it was like aboard a galleon in Drake’s time.

Brixham celebrates with several festivals throughout the year, including Fishstock, the Heritage Festival, Brixham Trawler Races, Brixham Pirate and Shanty Festival (which holds the World Record for a mile of pirates), Pirate Days, a regatta and Brixham Hapnin. It’s not all about fish, though; the summer Cowtown festival celebrates the town’s agricultural side too! Berry Head is a National Nature Reserve and gateway site for the UNESCO-supported English Riviera Global Geopark. Visit the Breakwater and its Beach, complete with its own Blue Flag, Quality Coast Award and Marine Conservation Society Good Beach Guide awards.

Paignton

A typical English seaside town, Paignton has pretty much everything for a family holiday. Award winning beautiful sandy beaches, a traditional pier and a lovely green on which to relax, with donkey rides and a brand new play area to complete the picture! Paignton Zoo is a perfect day out for the whole family. With over 3000 animals from across the globe, it’s also dedicated to the conservation and preservation of our natural heritage.

Children will love Splashdown @ Quaywest Waterpark, with eight fantastic outdoor waterslides, suited to all ages, as well as a number of swimming pools. If you long to set off to sea and return with your freshly caught supper, fishing trips are available from the harbour side! More relaxing, but no less fun, is a trip on the Dartmouth Steam Railway, letting you experience the beautiful countryside around the English Riviera. Or, you can get closer to the local wildlife with a visit to Occombe Farm and Nature Trail.

Dartmouth

Every summer the town hosts the Dartmouth Royal Regatta, featuring rowing and sailing events, air displays and live entertainment. Dartmouth has a strong connection with the Royal Navy and Prince William trained at Dartmouth Naval College. The town’s history is closely linked to the sea; having once provided a base for pirates; The Mayflower called in for emergency repairs interrupting its journey to the Americas, and was a departure point for American troops taking part in the World War II D-Day landings at Utah Beach.

Novelist Agatha Christie set her novel ‘The Regatta Mystery’ in Dartmouth, and her holiday home, ‘Greenway’ (now owned by the National Trust) stands on the banks of the River Dart. Ferry trips regularly run along the river to the house.

You can take a Pleasure Cruise up the River Dart, which will bring deliver you to the medieval town of Totnes. You can also catch a boat ride from Dartmouth to other destinations on the English Riviera, including Brixham, Paignton and Torquay. You can hop on the Dartmouth Steam Railway on its return journey to Paignton. For the ‘smaller adults’, children can enjoy the all-weather fun to be had at Woodlands Family Theme Park, packed with rides, a petting zoo and face painting. Golfers will love the superb facilities at Dartmouth Golf and Country Club.

Dartmoor

To get a real feel for what true freedom feels like, with masses of open space in stunning surroundings, Dartmoor has truly jaw-dropping splendor. This National Park is just an hour’s drive from the English Riviera. It’s the largest wild area of open countryside in the south of England and the main attraction is its sheer natural beauty, with rolling hills, towering rock formations (called tors) and lush, green landscapes. Dartmoor stars in Steven Spielberg’s stunning new film adaptation of War Horse. When filming on location, he was quoted as saying “I have never before, in my long and eclectic career, been gifted with such an abundance of natural beauty as I experienced filming War Horse on Dartmoor”. Sites include the small village of Meavy, Sheepstor, Burrator Reservoir and Bonehill Rocks near Widecombe-in-the-Moor.

If it is freedom, diversity and sheer beauty you want from your self-catering holiday, South Devon and Torquay has much to offer. I have visited all of the places mentioned and used these experienced to inform this Self-Catering Holidays in south Devon article.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/expert/Howard_E_Evans/501857

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/7021163

School Ski Trips to Lavarone

In the Dolomites Folgaria and Lavarone offer fantastic learning opportunities for not only beginners, but also intermediates, and experts alike. Surrounded by panoramic views and horizons that extend from the Dolomites, you will find 30 km of ski runs in Lavarone and 130 in Folgaria. The majority of ski piste are equipped with snow making technology (200 snow cannons that cover the entire ski area) and modern four seat chairlifts (capacity of 40,000 persons per hour ). Famously, Lavarone offers the beginner slopes that are free of other skiers, which make them so much safer than some of the big-name resorts. This has been the attraction for many teachers choosing Lavarone over other resorts with safety being their number one concern. Canada ski trip is one of the most exciting adventure that can complete your bucket lists.

Many hotels in both Folgaria and Lavarone offer doorstep skiing. This is highly convenient for the school groups in particular as it allows instructors to come to the front door of the hotel to pick up the pupils, and also to drop them off at lunchtime for their hot lunches. Returning to the hotel after the afternoon lesson as well, any party that is on the doorstep hotel gets the benefit of maximum time on slopes and minimum time hanging around. Lavarone is considered by many to be the Europeans favoured choice for any beginner or intermediate looking to improve themselves in a safe and varied environment, surrounded by stunning scenery.

Ski hire takes place at one of several ski hire establishments in Lavarone, and all of these outlets have up-to-date and modern innovative ski equipment. Another benefit of the resort being a little-known secret is that the equipment is never old or overused but in fact always in good condition and fit for purpose. Should any equipment not fit as required (and we are yet to have a school where all ski boots fit exactly as required!) the equipment can be readily exchanged without any hassles or lengthy queues. In fact the equipment stores actually have the time to analyse the pupil or staff member thoroughly before issuing kit. The hordes that quite often visit other resorts typically add so much time pressure that this personal service is not possible.

Lavarone is only 10 km away from Folgaria and this means that school ski trips can take advantage of visiting another resort, which is quite different in terms of slopes, technicality and scenery, within their week away. Typically schools will visit Folgaria for two days out of their six skiing days, and for some of the more experienced skiers from Lavarone this allows them to stretch their legs and practice their new-found skills.

The apres ski within Lavarone is ideally suited to schools. Tubing, disco and bowling are on the doorstep of most of the hotels. Swimming is also available locally and is a popular choice for visiting schools as the swimming pool is a good size with a wave machine and other fun items! Nevertheless, tubing tends to be the number one choice preference by visiting schools as, despite the quite impressive speeds, the activity remains safe and carefully guarded and monitored by staff. Races between schools, between friends and in positions that defy physics on the tube are commonplace. Not only is everything within walking distance (including après ski) but the resort does not pretend to be the choice of large parties and experts. The benefit here is that it is ideally tailored to those who want a safe, stressfree, school ski trip environment which accommodates all standards of skier and also all ages or pupil.

Transfer times to the resort of Lavarone if traveling by air are relatively quick. Typically transfer times will be around two hours maximum, depending upon the airport chosen. Conversely, those traveling by coach will find Lavarone a straightforward journey and of course once resort those parties traveling by coach will have the advantage in private transfers to Folgaria.

Lavarone is always slow sure from January through to mid-March and offers the discerning school a solid choice for snow. Skiers and snowboarders alike enjoy Lavarone, and indeed Folgaria, as both resorts have snow parks and freestyle areas. Both resorts are pine treed and offer a truly stunning experience on empty slopes (even during February half term!).

As is quite often the case in Italy, all of the locals are original residents and in fact are renowned to be friendly and open. The local area is famous for its food and cuisine and all school parties remark on the quality of food in the hotels. Typically this would involve the continental breakfast in the morning (as is the case everywhere else in Europe), a hot lunch of at least two or maybe three courses, cake and tea post skiing and finally a three course evening meal with a vegetable on the side.

For those schools traveling by coach all pupils and staff will be issued with a packed lunch, which will be relatively substantial, and is designed to satisfy the appetite of teenagers and tired skiers on a return extended journey. For those schools traveling by air food will be issued for the next meal and quite often this is all that is required until they arrive back home in the UK.

In terms of child protection and safeguarding, Lavarone is hard to beat. The roads are not busy and the resort itself is built in a circular position. This makes everything easy to get to and quick to find. There are no labyrinths of roads and little alleyways for pupils to get lost in, instead obvious landmarks and single carriageways with wide footpaths make navigation easy. In short the resort is an excellent choice for any school with beginners and intermediates.

Toby Weeden is the Director at 321ski www.321ski.co.uk. 321ski school ski trips are uniquely designed by teachers. 321ski provides school ski trips to Austria, Italy and France and uniquely employ only ex-teachers with years of experience in leading their own school ski trips. All trip planning documents are provided.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/expert/Toby_A_Weeden/1308639

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/7532081

Wyndham Extra Holidays Invites Travelers to “Book Early for Ski Season”

ORLANDO, Fla. (September 20, 2016) — Wyndham® Extra Holidays, a subsidiary of Wyndham Vacation Ownership (WVO), the world’s largest vacation ownership company and member of the Wyndham Worldwide family of companies (NYSE: WYN), invites you to book a spectacular winter getaway with special travel deals to more than 15 ski resort destinations across the U.S. and Canada during the “Book Early for Ski Season” Sale available at www.ExtraHolidays.com/Ski. Some spectacular winter getaway is to spend time with skiing, usually I go with ski Canada deals which I found on Bluepowder.com.au.

To take advantage of all the best adventures the winter season has to offer, book early to secure your preferred reservation dates at ski resorts offered by WyndhamExtra Holidays. Whether you’re drawn to some of North America’s favorite mountain destinations for the skiing and snowboarding, or you prefer the shopping, sightseeing and relaxing fireside, your winter vacation with Wyndham Extra Holidays will be a memorable one. Enjoy the comfort of condo-style suites, most complete with all the comforts of home from spacious living and dining areas to private bedrooms and fully equipped kitchens. Take advantage of special deals of up to 25 percent off at popular ski resort destinations across the U.S. and Canada including the resorts featured below.

Wyndham Resort at Avon — Avon, Colorado
Wyndham Resort at Avon is an upscale, all-suite resort featuring modern decor with the comforts of home including a full kitchen, living/dining area, private bedrooms, washer/dryer and balcony. The resort is located a short distance from the Express Gondola, providing convenient access to the world-renowned ski slopes of Beaver Creek. Revel in the great outdoors in this idyllic retreat, stroll around the charming alpine village, and indulge in the resort’s abundant amenities including the largest indoor hot tub in Colorado, ski valet service, fitness center, ski lockers, an outdoor fire pit, game room, and accommodations that sleep up to 10 guests.

Carriage Ridge Resort — Horseshoe Valley, Ontario, Canada
Venture an hour north of Toronto and stay at this lovely ski-in, ski-out resort adjacent to Horseshoe Ski Resort and nearby Mount St. Louis Moonstone. Hit the trails on skis, snowboards, snowshoes, snow bikes and snow mobiles. It’s a snow-lovers paradise! After an exhilarating day on the slopes, relax in spacious studio accommodations or indulge in the comfort of a one- or two-bedroom suite, complete with a full kitchen and living/dining area.

Wyndham Park City — Park City, Utah
Wyndham Park City is a new ski-in/ski-out resort with mountain modern design, offering ideal access to skiing, snowboarding and outdoor adventures. Comfortably accommodating up to four or eight guests, each one- or two-bedroom suite features private bedrooms, a queen-size sleeper sofa, full kitchen, dining area, private balcony or patio, and an in-suite washer/dryer. Wyndham Park City is conveniently located at the base of Park City Mountain Resort’s Canyon Village at the entrance to the Frostwood Gondola and is just 1.5 miles from historic Main Street in Park City.

Wyndham Vacation Resorts at Shawnee Village — The Poconos, Pennsylvania
Located along the scenic Delaware River, Wyndham Vacation Resorts Shawnee Village features superb access to premier skiing, snowboarding and tubing at the Shawnee Mountain Ski Area. After a day of outdoor adventure, relax in the comfort of two-bedroom family suite accommodations complete with spacious living and dining areas, full kitchen and private bedrooms.

Book now at www.ExtraHolidays.com/Ski or call 800-670-3620 and mention code SKI. Book by October 31, 2016. Travel November 23, 2016 – March 31, 2017. Two-night minimum length of stay required. WorldMark Canmore-Banff, Wyndham Park City, Wyndham Resort at Avon, Wyndham Vacation Resorts Steamboat Springs, and Wyndham Pagosa have three-, four- or five-night minimum length of stay requirements during the months of December 2016 through March 2017, specific dates may vary and depend on travel dates selected. Valid for new reservations only. Reservations subject to availability. Reservations not valid over holidays and special events. Cannot be combined with any other offer. All monetary amounts are noted in U.S. Dollars unless otherwise noted. Fla. Seller of Travel Reg. No. ST-35519.

About Wyndham® Extra Holidays
Wyndham® Extra Holidays specializes in offering quality vacation accommodations throughout the United States, including Hawaii, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Canada, Mexico, Fiji and Puerto Rico. Wyndham® Extra Holidays is a specialized provider of rental vacation accommodations and a part of Wyndham Vacation Ownership, which is headquartered in Orlando, Fla. A subsidiary of Wyndham Worldwide, Wyndham Vacation Ownership is the world’s largest vacation ownership business, as measured by the number of vacation ownership resorts, individual vacation ownership units and owners of vacation ownership interests.

Custom Inflatable Commercial Canopy and Pop up Event

As a company or brand, you don’t always do business from your store or office. You go out, too. And we are not talking about that lone business promoter you send out to get more business. We are referring to outdoor events. Customization of your outdoor events’ canopy is a great way of promoting your brand.

The temperatures might be dropping and snow might be covering some commercial outdoor and patio space, but increasingly, winter’s grip has little effect on outdoor commercial activities. From football tailgating to temporary outdoor restaurants and from shopping booths in New York City’s Bryant Park to every big and small event in between, outdoor business activity and branding starts with a quality canopy no matter the calendar date. And of course, southern California’s at-times rainy winters do little to dampen canopy spirits.

Outdoor commercial activities often involve brands setting up a booth, using a tent or canopy to protect their merchandise and promotional products, as well as keep out rain, snow, or any other form of precipitation. For these purposes, custom-printed outdoor event tents and canopies are often a great way to go, driving instant recognition and brand promotion. You can use your company logo or brand name to custom print on the chairs, canopies, and curtains and make a public presentation of your business. Think of your business’ outdoor canopy as an extension of your brand (and even a little bit of you).

Now what sort of canopy you choose depends on the size of business activity you have in mind, or you are expecting. If for a winter fair, free-standing canopies or tents may suit your needs, however, a curtain type of canopy may also be appropriate. Another aspect to consider is your canopy/tent patrons. Will your audience come and stand or will you make them sit? Will you have many staff members inside the canopy too or will there be a limited number of them? Will your event require equipment and supplies, too? How much space will you need for the same? Working out these answers before determining the correct size of the tent or canopy is critical. It’s also a good exercise in business discipline; deciding exactly what and how much material and staffing you need to get the job done in a confined space.

How much cover you want, also determines the size of the canopy. Will you provide shade and/or weather protection to the first few customers you are interacting with, or will you want most of the waiting customers covered from the sun, rain, snow, and everything else Mother Nature can throw at an outdoor event during the winter months? The last thing you want is an aggravated customer whose non-waterproof leather jacket is getting damaged. Whether you choose to have a half wall canopy with the audience on the other side in the open or you choose a 20 ft. tall canopy housing 50 people at a time, always spend time on thinking ways to customize it.

Free-standing canopies are an easy and highly convenient option. You can also experiment with the shape of the tent or canopy. Some brands prefer square tents as they are common at outdoor venues and provide four walls for displays, which can serve as a small-scale version of your actual brick and mortar location. But these structures also run the risk of becoming too much like the surrounding canopies, failing to stand out. If you’re feeling a bit adventurous and like a bit of style, you may choose the hexagonal tents too. A different shape tent is a great way to capture the audience’s attention, only because it looks a bit different from the rest. And with six walls to work off, there’s even more space for product promotion!

Once you have chosen the proper size and shape of the canopy, you have to make them look special, and really stand out. Use your brand colors, logos, and graphics in a way that they suit your free-standing canopy or tent with style. Apart from the company logo, you can get the canopy customized with the pictures and fonts you like. Experiment with colors and graphics until you arrive at a design that will not only be eye-catching, buy will lead to instant brand recognition and support retention too, driving customer loyalty and satisfaction.

Beyond size, and the canopy’s design element, there are other factors to consider. Easy setup and post-event dismantling are equally important. What’s more, tents and canopies should be durable enough and easy to maintain. So if you plan on using it in a series of events spread in different regions all over the state, you’re guaranteed your outdoor structure will last.

Whether you buy tents or shade awnings or other canopies, make sure to customize to best suit your brand and services.

So this winter, as Pacific storm winds howl, or “panhandle hooks” blanket the plains in white or Nor’easters barrel up the Atlantic seaboard, don’t let Old Man Winter give you the seasonal blues when it comes to outdoor events. With a little shade, warmth, and protection from the rest of Mother Nature’s cold weather tool belt, your outdoor event will be as ready as can be.

This article has been written by an expert associated with Academy Inc., a premier manufacturer, designer, and installer of commercial canopies and awnings. Academy Inc. is located in Los Angeles, and has a wide array of products outside of canopies and awnings including, but not limited to cabanas, carriage tops, commercial signage, and an array of shade structures for commercial purposes. Academy Inc. is a fully licensed and insured company that has built a great reputation by combining quality products with unparalleled customer service.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/expert/Michael_Richman/1192438

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/6792304

Why A Leaky Faucet Doesn’t Have To Cost You Hundreds Of Dollars To Fix

Proper plumbing is essential to maintaining your home. Sometimes, you will need to pay special attention to your plumbing but it isn’t always necessary to call a plumber. The tips provided below will teach you some great ways in which you can easily handle issues with the plumbing in your home. If you want for plumbing upgrades in Sydney area, I highly recommend Aussieelectricalandplumbing.com.au.

Check for floor damage around your toilet. If the floor around your toilet feels softer than the rest of the floor in your bathroom, there’s damage you need to address. Another great way to check is to actually sit on the toilet and move in a rocking motion, going back and forth from right to left to see how much give you feel. By noticing a problem early on, you can save yourself a bunch of money if you were to leave it alone.

Place a strainer over the drains to collect anything that could clog and cause stoppage. The strainer in the kitchen sink should be cleaned each time you have large particles trapped in it. Clean out the bathtup strainer every few days before it becomes clogged.

Each month, treat your drains by pouring one cup of baking soda down it, and then follow that with a cup of regular white vinegar. Seal off the drain with a conventional plug or a piece of fabric while the natural chemical reaction takes place. Flush it with boiling water after a few minutes. Although this is useful for clearing away simple clogs made of hair and soap debris, it will not work for serious blockages.

Ensure your overflow holes aren’t clogged up. The overflow holes are there to make sure the sink doesn’t overfill, which can become a problem if they are blocked. When checking for potential problems and repairs, you should also remove obstructions from the overflow holes.

When it is time to replace your shower head, you should consider paying a little more for a better one. Some people think that one shower head is like any other, so decide on price alone. The issue with that is they’re less tough and can break.

If you need to buy a pipe cleaner to unclog your pipes, it is best to find one that is enzyme based. These types of cleaners will use natural bacteria so that the sludge will turn into liquid form, and be removed from your pipes. Some of the finest cleaners are enzyme cleaners.

Applying prevention measures is key to preventing plumbing issues. A common serious repair is removing clogs in the drain. Hair can cause clogs, among many other things. To keep hair out of your plumbing, use a screen or cover for your drains that allows water through but keeps hair out. It’s a lot simpler to eliminate hair that is on a screen than eliminating it off a pipe.

Avoid using drain cleaners as much as possible. Corrosive chemicals erode the metal pipes slowly. If your drain is clogged, hire a pro to figure out the problem.

The toilet should never be leaking, so make sure. Check for leaks by putting a few drops of food coloring into the tank of each toilet. Look at its bowl, then if you spot any colored water within just a few seconds, there’s an issue that must be dealt with soon.

If you start to have sewage backup inside your toilet, it is because of blockage that is inside the branch line which connects the sewage line and the main line. A professional can help if you can’t clear the problem yourself. They will use a plumbing snake to get rid of the clog.

To better the efficiency of the water heater, see what size a tank your household requires. Knowing how many appliances use hot water and how many people live there will help you decide.

If you see a pipe coming out of the drainage pipe when putting in your new water heater, reconnect it before you finish the job. It is usually a recirculation pipe. This pipe is essential to keeping your water nice and warm without wasting water, which will help keep your bills down.

If you start seeing wet spots or water drops on any walls, it is critical that you shut your main water supply down and get a plumber out as fast as possible. The dripping water indicates that there could be a major problem with the plumbing in your walls. The possible consequences, including floods, mold, and mildew, are all dire.

You can avoid unnecessarily heating your water by buying a new, tankless water heater. Instead of collecting,storing and heating multiple gallons of water, a tankless model heats water on demand as you require it. This reduces the amount of energy they use, since water is only heated when it is called for.

When looking for plumbing fixtures, give strong consideration to those made of brass. Brass fixtures are known for their durability. Also, the look of brass fixtures is much nicer than similar counterparts. They are also easy to locate, just about any hardware or home repair store will have them.

There are a lot of amateurs in plumbing, so if you’re a pro, you might want to get an apprentice. This has two advantages. Firstly, it gives you an assistant at a reasonable rate, and secondly, it gives you a chance to pass on your skills and put another trained person out there.

Sticky substances like bananas, chicken skin and pumpkin pulp can clog your drain even if they go through the blades. Take these items out of the sink before running other food through the disposer.

To save both time and money, consolidate all your plumbing problems into a single visit from the plumber. Fix everything that needs attention in one visit, rather than calling for service repeatedly. This way the plumber can handle all problems at once and not have to come back, which will only cost you more money and time.

There are many methods that you can learn to fix plumbing. By utilizing these tips in your home, you can not only fix your plumbing in an emergency, but you can also cut costs by reducing the need for a professional plumber.

An EU strategy on cooperative, connected and automated mobility

Today the European Commission adopted a European Strategy on Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems (C-ITS), a milestone initiative towards cooperative, connected and automated mobility. With such advances in autmated mobility, it is essential to find a solid business partner, when it comes to clear and effective marketing solutions.Absolutesignsolutions.com.au are specialists with vehicle signage in Sydney and are professional in every aspect of their business.

The Strategy will make it possible to deploy vehicles that can “talk” to each other and to the transport infrastructure on EU roads as of 2019.

The market potential of cooperative, connected and automated driving is estimated to be worth dozens of billions of euro annually and to lead to the creation of many new jobs. The Strategy therefore delivers on the Commission’s political priorities, notably its Agenda for Jobs, Growth and Investment, the Digital Single Market and the Energy Union.

What is C-ITS?

Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems (C-ITS) allow road users and traffic managers to share information and use it to coordinate their actions. C-ITS are based on technologies which allow vehicles to “talk” to each other, and to the transport infrastructure. In addition to what drivers can immediately see around them, and what vehicle sensors can detect, all parts of the transport system are thus able to share information.

For instance, vehicles automatically warn each other of potentially dangerous situations (e.g. emergency braking or end of traffic jam queue) and communicate with local road infrastructure (e.g. optimal speed advice). This improves decision-making, either by the driver or – in the future – by the vehicle itself.

Why this strategy?

The objective of the European Strategy on Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems is to allow for a wide-scale commercial deployment of C-ITS as of 2019. This is expected to significantly improve road safety, traffic efficiency and comfort of driving, by helping the driver to take the right decisions and adapt to the traffic situation.

Most importantly, digital technologies help reduce human error, by far the greatest source of accidents in transport. The steady trend in improving road safety that the EU has seen over the last decade has slowed down. C-ITS can help to revive a positive dynamic in the reduction of road fatalities, in order to reach the EU target of halving the overall number of road deaths in the European Union between 2010 and 2020.

Communication between vehicles, infrastructure and other road users is also crucial to increase the safety of future automated vehicles and their full integration in the overall transport system. In other words, connectivity and cooperation are prerequisites to safe automation.

In all, this Strategy focuses on those services that can be readily deployed in the short to medium-run but display long-term benefits on road safety, sustainability and automation.

What are the main elements of the Strategy?

1. Avoid a fragmented internal market

Many C-ITS deployment activities are currently taking place in the EU, often supported through EU funds. The industry has stated its intention to start full scale deployment of C-ITS enabled vehicles in 2019. The first objective of the Strategy is therefore to avoid a fragmented internal market in the field of C-ITS and to create synergies between different initiatives, in order to ensure continuity and interoperability of C-ITS services throughout Europe.

2. Define and support common priorities

In order to ensure continuity, availability of C-ITS services across the EU for end-users must be ensured. This is why the Strategy considers a list of technologically mature C-ITS services with clear benefits for transport and society at large, which should be deployed quickly throughout the EU by Member States and local authorities, vehicle manufacturers, road operators and the ITS industry. The Strategy also includes actions to support Member States and industry financially in deploying such services.

3. Use a mix of communication technologies

C-ITS messages will be transmitted for a wide range of services, in various transport situations and between different actors. Generally, drivers are indifferent to the communication technology used to transmit C-ITS messages, but they will increasingly expect to receive all information on traffic and safety conditions seamlessly across Europe. To achieve this, the Strategy presents a hybrid communication approach combining complementary and available communication technologies. Currently, the most promising hybrid communication mix is a combination of WiFi based short range communication and existing cellular networks.

4. Address security and data protection issues

When it comes to connectivity, security and data protection issues become critical. Security of communications must be ensured, and citizens must have the assurance that their data are protected and used properly. This is why the Strategy includes the development of a common EU security policy for C-ITS, as well as specific actions to safeguard the right of citizens to control their personal data.

5. Develop the right legal framework

A specific framework is needed to provide legal certainty to public and private investors, and to ensure that the necessary technical rules (services, communication technologies, standards, frequencies, security, data protection etc.) are widely applied, leading to interoperability and continuity of C-ITS services throughout the EU. This is why the Strategy includes the development of such a legal framework, in close cooperation with, and learning from experience of C-ITS deployment projects such as the initiatives gathered under the C-ROADS platform.

6. Cooperate at international level

The C-ITS market is developing globally, international cooperation is already taking place with Australia, Japan, Singapore, the US and within the G7 in areas such as research, security and the development and harmonisation of standards. The Strategy includes the continuation of cooperation with international partners and initiatives in order to learn from each other, in particular the twinning of research and innovation projects.

Which services for the user?

Building on the work of the C-ITS platform, the C-ITS Strategy sets priorities for a coordinated deployment, by Member States and industry, of technologically mature C-ITS services which are expected to help reduce congestion, casualties and injuries on EU roads.

The services identified to be deployed first include amongst others: warnings about traffic ahead, road works, emergency vehicle approaching, notifications of weather conditions, in-vehicle signage of speed limits and advice on optimal speed for green lights (so-called green wave).

What about privacy and data protection?

Protection of personal data and privacy is a determining factor for the successful deployment of cooperative, connected and automated vehicles. Users must have the assurance that they have full control over how and for what purposes their data are being used. The C-ITS Strategy proposes specific actions to safeguard this right while facilitating the deployment of C-ITS, in particular the publication by the Commission in 2018 of first guidance regarding data protection by design and by default, specifically related to C-ITS.

What about security of communications?

Cyber-security of C-ITS communications is critical to avoid hacking and cyber-attacks, and requires action at European level. Information received from vehicles or from the infrastructure must be trustworthy. The C-ITS strategy proposes the development, in cooperation with all relevant stakeholders in the C-ITS domain, of a common security and certificate policy for the deployment and operation of C-ITS in Europe.

Is C-ITS good value for money?

Thorough analysis has shown that technologically mature C-ITS services for road transport – when deployed in an interoperable way across Europe – will produce a benefit cost ratio of up to 3 to 1 from 2018 to 2030. This means that every euro invested in C-ITS should generate up to three euro in benefits. Rapidly deploying as many services as possible will also mean they break even more quickly and will lead to higher overall benefits.

Did the Commission consult stakeholders when elaborating the Strategy?

The elaboration of the European Strategy on Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems (C-ITS) followed a bottom-up approach. It builds on the work of the C-ITS platform, a cooperative framework including national authorities and all relevant stakeholders, which was set up by the European Commission in 2014 in order to develop a shared vision on the interoperable deployment of C-ITS in the EU. The delivery of the Strategy will continue to follow such bottom-up approach.

What are the next steps?

In line with the recommendations of the Declaration of Amsterdam, the objective of the C-ITS Strategy is to facilitate the convergence of investments and regulatory frameworks across the EU, in order to see deployment of mature C-ITS services in 2019. As such, the C-ITS Strategy is not an end in itself and work will intensify over the coming months.

This will notably involve continuous coordination, in a learning-by-doing approach, with the C-ROADS platform, which gathers real-life deployment activities in Member States. Through the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) projects have been funded in Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Netherlands, Norway, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom.

Further down the line, it will also include the adoption of the appropriate legal framework at EU level by 2018 to ensure legal certainty for public and private investors, the availability of EU funding for research and development projects, and international cooperation with other main regions of the world or at G7 level on all aspects related to cooperative, connected and automated vehicles.

For More information

http://ec.europa.eu/transport/themes/its_en

http://ec.europa.eu/transport/themes/its/index_en.htm

Tips To Help Console A Grieving Friend

I speak through my own experience from the loss of my husband, but it is good to note that no one’s experience is ever the same with grief. There is no right or wrong way to deal with the loss of a loved one, the process is unique and personal for each individual. Globalfunerals.net.au take the concept seriously to honor your love ones, so far I have recommended them as the best funeral parlours Sydney.

How it feels to lose a loved one and the stages of grief –

The loss of a child, partner, sibling, parent or close friend is unimaginable and indescribable. It leaves a hole so deep and painful that it is unmatched by any other. Your world stops. The exact moment is marked for memory, the details etched into your mind forever. Life goes on around you but you don’t feel part of it, it’s like watching a movie that can’t be happening. Everything has changed, it’s a different world, one in which your loved one is no longer here. There is nothing anyone can do or say to make things easier. You don’t know how you will survive, and you are not sure you even want to.

Things seem meaningless and you feel overwhelmed. Nothing makes sense. You are in a state of disbelief. You may want to talk about it, going over and over things to try and sort them out in your mind. You may not feel like talking and withdraw, searching for answers. No matter how many friends are around you, you feel alone and isolated, like there is a wall between you and everyone else. You feel like you will never be whole again. It is a strange new world, and the only person you want to be with is gone forever.

You go through various stages of grief which may include, anger, blame, guilt, hopelessness, depression, sadness, disbelief, regret, panic, loneliness and pain. These can last for different periods of time, or you can also go through all of them in one day. Life feels incomplete and unfinished.

Finally the reality will sink in, they are not coming back. In time, you will learn to live with your loss, but it will never really leave you. Grief is a part of the healing, and it’s a slow process. The hole that is left will never quite be filled, but you will find that one day, things will get easier.

What to do and what NOT to do when a friend is going through grief –
You cannot make them feel better; there are no words to fix this pain.

DO NOT fail to mention the loss for fear of hurting your friend even more. Pretending that nothing’s happened because you don’t know what to say, is the worst thing you can do. TALK about their loss, tell them how sorry you are, offer your deepest sympathies and any assistance they may need. Failing to acknowledge their loved one is like denying their loved one’s existence and lessening the importance of their loss.

DO NOT try to tell them you know how they feel if you have experienced a loss of your own, each loss is unique, you do not know how they feel. Do not compare notes, “I remember when John died….” John means nothing to your friend right now.

LISTEN! Sometimes they will need to talk about it for hours, days or weeks. They will go through the same details over and over, trying to make sense of them, or accept the finality. They may not get tired of talking about the same thing and although you may be tired of listening to it, keep listening! Telling the story is part of the healing, it helps to dissolve the pain and understand the loss. They must get it out. Don’t try and move them on. Let them talk. Grief must be witnessed to be healed. When it is shared, it is lessened in some small way. It reinforces that their loss mattered.

DO NOT interrupt or add in any of your own experiences. I had a friend who kept interrupting and trying to tell me about someone else they knew who had experienced similar things. I didn’t want to hear anything; I needed to talk about MY loss. So I stopped talking to her.

DO NOT force them to talk about it. There are times when they don’t want to talk at all. This is no need for alarm. Showing ‘concern’ about their silence will only make them retreat even further. This does not mean that they are not dealing with their loss; it is merely another stage of the long and difficult journey of grief. They are most definitely dealing with it; they just sometimes need to do it on their own.

DO NOT complain or be offended if they don’t return your phone calls. I ignored my phone for months! The best thing is to send them a phone message or email just to let them know you are thinking of them. DO NOT expect any response. You probably won’t get one. And please don’t get that hurt tone in your voice if they do return your call a little later than you expected. Have no expectations of your friendship. Try and offer unconditional support and understanding.

DO talk about death. Death is a normal part of life. It is something that many people shy away from. Talk about their loved one when he was alive. Share memories together, this confirms that they still exist as part of us.

DO phone them or send a message to say your thoughts are with them on days that you know are especially painful, like anniversaries or holidays. You will not be reminding them of anything they don’t already remember. For me, the first Father’s day came and went and no one mentioned my loss or said that they were sorry that my children did not have a father on that day. People are afraid to remind you of your losses but you know them all too clearly anyway. As time goes by, it seems that everyone carries on their lives as normal but there will never be anything normal about your life again. It’s good to know that people still acknowledge your grief, even after years.

Be sensitive, there is no end to how far the pain can go.

DO NOT be offended when your friend cancels appointments. They can go from feeling OK to feeling devastated in a matter of minutes. This is how grief works. Cancelling a plan at the last minute is completely normal. Be sure that they know that it’s OK with you to confirm on the day IF they feel up to it. There are good days and bad days and you never know what’s coming. It is their prerogative to change their mind.

DO NOT force them into anything they are not comfortable with. Sometimes they will feel like company, and much of the time, they may prefer to be alone. I had friends nag me saying, you NEED to get out. All I felt like at the time, for months, was staying at home and being introspective with my children. No one can know what is best for you. Even if you think you are doing something that is in that person’s best interest, don’t do it or have any expectations before checking with them first. Trust that they know best.

BE sensitive! The last thing I felt like after losing my husband was going to a couple’s dinner where I was the only one without a partner. My children also struggled at outings or parties where they were the only ones without a dad! When you invite your friend somewhere, let them know exactly what the situation will be and tell them that it’s OK if they are not ready for it. Be understanding.

DO NOT judge friends about their behaviour. If you think they are drinking too much, eating too much, going out too much or dating too soon, keep it to yourself! Each person has to find their own way to get themselves through. I had people tell me that they were worried about my weight loss. I could barely manage to get through the day let alone think about cooking dinners! What you think is concern can easily come across as not being sensitive or understanding. Rather say something like; I know it must be inconceivable to cook meals right now, so I’m bringing you dinner ever Friday night. If you feel there’s a real problem, perhaps you could mention the name of a good grief counsellor you have heard of without mentioning that you think they have a problem. There is no right or wrong time to pack up a loved one’s belongings. Some people want to be alone, others can’t manage. Some do it immediately, some wait months or years. Do not judge or say things like, you really should get around to that, let me help you. Belongings carry memories and feeling far deeper than you can ever imagine, this needs to happen gently when the person feels ready.

Emotions seem to have no end.

DO NOT try to fix things or help them snap out of it. It is a natural reaction to try and cheer people up and get them to look at the bright side. In grief, there is no bright side. They feel more alone than they ever thought possible, and wonder if they will ever feel anything again.

DO NOT get taken aback or offended by any emotions, from anger to blame. They are all normal. They may snap at you, and say things like – what do you know about what I’m going through, you still have your partner. DO NOT lash back. Let them be angry, let them scream if they want to. Love and accept them through it all.

DO NOT worry about depression. Depression that is directly related to an exceptionally stressful situation is normal and understandable. Depression at length for no apparent reason is the only depression to worry about. Society sees any depression as needing treatment. The depression that comes with loss does not necessarily need treatment, it needs understanding and acceptance. Depression will come. A friend of mine wisely told me that it was fine if I didn’t feel like bathing or brushing my teeth for days, I must just be depressed and flow with my feelings. She set me free to feel depressed without worrying about myself. As time passes, it comes and goes less often. The sadness is an understandable result of loss. It is only if the depression becomes ongoing and life debilitating that they need to seek help.

DO NOT tell them they need to be brave! I had people tell my children this. Let them CRY! Tears are healing. In our society, it’s the done thing to hand over a tissue as soon as someone starts crying. This is a subtle message saying ‘stop your tears’. I heard of a psychologist who refused to hand out tissues just so that the person would not feel as if they had to stop crying. Your friend is already thinking they must stop crying. It feels like they will never stop crying but of course they will. Allow them to let it all out. Sometimes they will cry for what looks like no reason. This is a reminder that the loss is always there, living alongside them. And that is normal. Do not tell them to be strong!

Practical ways to help –
There are some practical ways you can help. Often your friend who is grieving will not even know how to ask for help or what to ask for. Use your initiative and try some of the following, making sure not to invade their space or overstay your welcome.

Cook dinners, wash dishes, offer to lift children to school, have children over to play, do the grocery shopping. If you are going shopping, just pop them a message asking them what they need from the store, then drop it off and do not go in, unless invited. Offer to collect post, go to the bank or do any chore that needs doing.

Handyman services. If your friend has lost a partner who used to do certain things around the house, e.g. mow the lawn, change lightbulbs etc. think about how they feel now that there’s no one to do those jobs. Send your husband along to help. Or if you don’t have one, send an electrician, gardener or handyman to them for the day to do any thing that needs doing.

Gifts to buy – instead of buying flowers so that your friend’s home looks like a funeral parlour, rather get them something they can cherish. Like photograph albums, journals, book vouchers to buy any book they may need to read, pamper vouchers for a massage or healing session.

Leila Summers lives in Durban, South Africa with her two daughters, three dogs and four cats. Leila enjoys reading and writing and has a passion for research. Her particular interests include the topics of parenting, homeschooling, children, spirituality, death, grief and loss. Leila has just finished her first book. http://www.leilasummers.com

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/expert/Leila_Summers/430063

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/2981694